2,500 Americans die each year in small overlap crashes. Volvo identified this problem long before the IIHS did, which is why the old XC90, first built in 2002, passed with flying colors in 2013, as all Volvos did. And it's 2018, and there are still Toyotas doing abysmally on this crash test.Huge understatement. When the new small-overlap test came out the RAV4 flunked the test. For years afterwards, Toyota cheated the test to make the car pass, despite it still being "Poor."
If you watch the XC60 or XC90 crash test videos and compare them to other manufacturers small overlap, the Volvos push themselves away laterally from the wall as they contact it, but maintain as much forward momentum as possible. This reduces how quickly passengers would experience a change from high speed to stopped. Volvo also protected both driver and passenger sides.