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I recently read that Ford was considering sale of a diesel focus in the US market. Below is a press release I found on the car likely to be sold here. If that happens, one can't help but wonder how far off the Volvo D5 motor is.<P>BRENTWOOD, February 22, 2001 - Ford is increasing the appeal of the class-leading Ford Focus range with the addition of a new premium diesel engine incorporating the latest common rail injection diesel technology. <P>This advanced engine delivers noticeably improved levels of refinement, quiet operation and driving quality to the vehicle that was named European Car of the Year 1999 and went on to become the world's best-selling car in 2000. <P>The new 115PS, 1.8-litre engine - the Ford Duratorq TDCi - will available in the Ford Focus range from Summer 2001. Benefiting from the state-of-the-art, second-generation common rail injection, the Duratorq TDCi provides a premium option for Ford Focus diesel customers, joining the proven and popular 90PS TDDi direct injection turbo-diesel. <P>The common rail engine extends the strengths for which the Ford Focus has been acclaimed since it brought new levels of precision, interior spaciousness and comfort to its segment. With a peak torque of 250Nm at 1,850rpm and a unique transient 'overboost' feature for improved performance response, the Duratorq TDCi also contributes significantly to an acknowledged Ford Focus strength: driving quality. <P>"By adding this high-tech diesel to Ford Focus, we're making a great car even greater," said Simon Pitts, Vehicle Line Director for Ford Focus. "The Duratorq TDCi offers our diesel customers outstanding levels of refinement and driving enjoyment that are normally associated only with petrol engines." <P>Quiet: a pleasant diesel surprise <P>Quiet, smooth and refined, the new Ford Focus TDCi is surprising for what it doesn't have - the harshness and clatter associated with diesel engines of the past. <P>"The refinement is the first thing you notice," said Helmut Reder, the new Ford Focus TDCi's chief programme engineer. "From the outside of the vehicle or from the occupants' perspective inside, the quietness and smoothness of this engine are astounding." <P>Second-generation common rail injection technology is at the heart of Ford Focus TDCi's refinement. The electronically controlled system's ability to precisely shape the engine's combustion process under all operating conditions is the key to eliminating harshness, while also providing a cleaner, smoke-free operation. <P>The precise application of pilot injection - a short burst of fuel prior to the main injection during each combustion cycle - is an intelligent engineering solution to one of the diesel engine's long-held stigma. Common rail is the only diesel injection system with full flexibility of injection timing, measured in crank angle degrees, between the pilot and main fuel injection during one combustion event. It is also unique in having a reservoir of fuel contained in the "rail" at high pressure, independent of engine speed, permitting high specific engine torque to be achieved. <P>Second-generation common rail technology brings even higher levels of precision to the process by permitting better control of pilot fuel quantity, which is a key contributor to overall refinement. Sensors monitor engine operation constantly and adjust the pilot and main injections as necessary for optimal smoothness. The system achieves this by varying the timing and size of the pilot and main fuel injections according to conditions. <P>The new Ford Duratorq TDCi engine extends those second-generation capabilities even further by pioneering new electronic noise-reduction technology - called 'accelerometer pilot control' - that 'listens' to the engine's operation for any combustion harshness. An electronic knock sensor, attached to the centre of the engine block, monitors the engine's vibrations and signals the Ford EEC-V engine control module and injection system's electronic brain - the injector driver module - to modify the combustion process for optimal operation. <P>Additionally, the Duratorq TDCi includes a solenoid-actuated vacuum diaphragm unit to extend the engine's smoothness even in shutdown mode. It cuts off the air supply to the engine when the key is switched off. <P>The sum of these technologies is engine operation that contributes greatly to the overall driving quality of a diesel-equipped Ford Focus. <P>According to Ford Motor Company Limited chairman and managing director, Ian McAllister, the wider demand for diesels now includes a new sub-segment of diesel customers who are highly discerning, highly demanding and willing to invest in premium diesel technology. The refinement of leading-edge diesel engines like the Duratorq TDCi is one of the key factors appealing to this customer group. <P>Power and torque - on demand <P>For the driver, the higher power output and greater torque flexibility of a premium diesel engine bring the full spectrum of Ford Focus driving dynamics to life without any fuel-consumption penalty under normal driving conditions. <P>The Ford Focus TDCi's power and torque output put it squarely in the premium diesel range while comparing well with the top-line petrol engines in the Focus range. <P>Focus TDCi's peak power output of 115PS at 3,800rpm is nearly 28 percent higher than the 90PS TDDi. Nominal peak torque is 250 Nm at 1,850 rpm, substantially higher than TDDi's 200Nm. <P>But, Ford Focus TDCi also has a new transient 'overboost' feature, which automatically provides the driver with enhanced performance, particularly when accelerating hard from mid engine speed in fourth or fifth gear, such as when overtaking. With transient 'overboost', Ford Focus TDCi's peak torque output rises to a maximum of 280 Nm at 1,850 rpm, a 40-per cent margin over TDDi-equipped vehicles. <P>"As impressive as those numbers are, they don't do the Ford Focus TDCi full justice," said Dave Rigler, chief engineer for the 1.8-litre Ford Duratorq TDCi engine. "You really have to be behind the wheel to feel how impressive the torque is and how much it contributes to the driving dynamics of the car." <P>"It's a diesel that's really rewarding to drive," Helmut Reder added. "The Duratorq TDCi's generous torque gives the Ford Focus TDCi tremendous punch and flexibility, and the transient 'overboost' feature gives confidence that the acceleration will be there when you need it, such as when overtaking." <P>Since its introduction, the Ford Focus has been noted for its excellent driving dynamics, which result from attention to the smallest engineering detail in every aspect of the chassis systems. The new Ford Duratorq TDCi engine was an ideal choice to combine with the precisely honed suspension, steering and braking systems of the Ford Focus to produce a highly rewarding driving experience. <P>Ford Focus TDCi models have a top speed of 120 mph, and are capable of 0-62 mph acceleration in 10.8 seconds. <P>In engineering terms, the Ford Duratorq TDCi boasts outstanding levels of specific power output (65.6PS per litre) and transient specific torque capability (160 Nm per litre). <P>'No compromise' fuel economy <P>The enhanced performance attributes of the 1.8-litre Ford Duratorq TDCi do not come at the expense of fuel economy. In fact, the common rail technology's combustion efficiency provides significant fuel economy benefits. <P>Despite an increase in power output approaching 30 per cent, the new Ford Focus TDCi achieves identical fuel economy to that of the 90PS TDDi engine - a frugal 51.4mpg under mixed urban driving conditions. <P>"This premium level of diesel technology may not be appealing to all customers, hence it will be offered as a premium option alongside our existing TDDi diesel," concluded Ian McAllister. "But for that discerning group of diesel customers who want diesel efficiency with petrol driveability, the TDCi's significant cost-of-ownership benefits provide those attributes along with a clear long-term payback." <P>Ford Duratorq 1.8-litre TDCi - technical notes <P>The new Ford Duratorq TDCi 1.8L engine is derived from the proven TDDi direct-injection engines already offered in the Ford Focus. <P>The TDCi engine includes a series of structural enhancements for assured dependable and smooth operation, plus features for the specific attributes and increased power output of common rail operation: <P>* The cast-iron engine block features additional stiffening braces. <P>* Connecting rods have reinforced bearing shells. <P>* The gallery-cooled piston has a larger diameter combustion bowl to optimise air/fuel mixing with the higher injection pressure of the second-generation common rail system. <P>* The crankshaft is fitted with stronger main bearings. For ultra-smooth engine operation, it is mounted with a dual-mass flywheel, plus a torsion damper unit on its free end. <P>* The cylinder head has lower swirl ports than the Ford Focus TDDi configuration. Also, two additional mounting holes are added for mounting the common rail injection system. The strong and efficient cast-iron architecture has been retained, allowing the Ford Focus TDCi to take full advantage of turbo boost pressures of up to 1.2 bar - an exceptionally high pressure for a production turbodiesel engine. <P>* The Garrett variable nozzle turbocharger is integrated in the exhaust manifold. Due to the high efficiency of the variable nozzle design, a turbo wastegate is not required. The TDCi engine features a water-cooled exhaust gas recirculation system. <P>* The engine is fitted with a larger oil cooler. <P>Common rail system elements <P>The Ford Duratorq TDCi engine's common rail injection technology delivers fuel via a high-pressure fuel reservoir called the common rail. Extremely high fuel pressures are achieved in this second-generation common rail system, to ensure optimal injection control and combustion tailoring. <P>Duratorq TDCi's second-generation common rail technology was developed in conjunction with Delphi Automotive Systems. It features the following primary components: <P>* A robust, package-efficient, spherical, high-pressure common rail, fitted with a fuel pressure sensor. <P>* A dual-stage pump that transfers fuel from the fuel tank at low pressure and then feeds precise volumes of fuel to the common rail at very high pressure. <P>* Four slim, sophisticated injectors with six spray holes and microelectronic solenoid controls capable of switching rapidity of three milliseconds. <P>* Thick-walled fuel supply pipes (connecting the common rail unit with the individual injectors) which must withstand not only maximum system pressure but also the continuous pressure fluctuations of nominal common rail operation. <P>* A special fuel filter with an integral control valve that closes its return valve at low temperatures, thus helping to quickly warm the fuel in the filter for optimal engine operation. <P>* An electronic Injector Driver Module (IDM) that controls the common rail injection process along with the vehicle's EEC-V engine management system. <P>* A series of sensors that send information critical to the decision protocol of the IDM and EEC-V modules, including a new crankshaft position sensor that helps the system determine the precise moments for the pilot and main injections of each combustion event. <P>New technology already rigorously tested <P>Dependability was a key factor in the timing of Ford's common rail diesel introduction in the world's most popular car. The dependability of the Ford Focus TDCi has already been proven out with extensive pre-production testing. <P>As part of the rigorous testing regimen, Ford Focus TDCi models were placed in long-service test fleets to assure dependable operation in real-world conditions. Feedback from the testing programme has been enthusiastic. <P>"With second-generation common rail, we're making contemporary, new technology financially accessible to a far broader customer range," concluded Pitts, "so we wanted to demonstrate that this is a well-engineered, durable and dependable system for the Focus diesel range." <P>A contemporary, crisp-edged rectangular badge on the tailgate or boot lid identifies Ford Focus models equipped with the new Duratorq TDCi engine. The badge, which bears the TDCi nomenclature ('TD' for turbo diesel in black lettering, 'Ci' for common rail injection highlighted in bold, red letters), is a discreet symbol of the precision diesel technology at the heart of the vehicle. <BR>
 

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Sounds like the next S40 will have a ford powerplant (in diesel form). Sounds good. Isn't the current Volvo diesel four banger rated at like 90hp? This sounds like a better deal.<BR>(well thats my interpretation)<BR>
 

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<BLOCKQUOTE><font size="1" face="Verdana, Arial">quote:</font><HR>Originally posted by [email protected]:<BR><B>Well, there's the D5 5cyl motor. Rumors suggest that the 5cyl will fit in the new Focus platform and thus in the S40/V50.</B><HR></BLOCKQUOTE><P>So they've (Ford & Volvo) developed two different diesel powerplants for the same chasis? Hmm, maybe they will go their own way as for as drivetrain and such afterall. Thats good actually, the Volvo has a higher price tag and should get the extras. Sounds like Ford is doing a good job on this type of development now, Volvo must be rubbing off!<P>
 

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Wonder how much bigger the S40/focus platform will be? It would be impossible to fit a 5 cylinder in the current car. Do you know when that launch will be? 2004, 2005? I think it will be great car, hope they do both styles of racing with it (Rally & Touring car), think of the aftermarket parts!! <IMG SRC="http://www.swedespeed.com/ubb/smile.gif"> I already want it! I would be a hard sell on a diesel though, maybe if I drove it and it shocked the hell out of me...<P>
 

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Discussion Starter · #6 ·
Well, when you think about it, the new chassis is supposed to host at the very least, the whole Focus line, the next gen Mazda 3 and the Volvo 40/50 series. With that in mind, the aftermarket parts availability such as coilovers etc. will presumably be much better. We shall see.
 

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Am I mistaken or was the Ford focus marketed in Europe under the name Ford Ka?<P>I really hope to see a performance diesel available in all their US imports in the future.<P>-Poritz
 

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Discussion Starter · #8 ·
The Ka is based on the Fiesta platform, that also plays home to the Puma. For Ford, the only cars built on the Focus platform at this time are the Focus 3door, 5door, wagon and sedan. The next gen C1 platform will also host the 40/50 series for Volvo and the new Mazda 3 in addition to a new sports coupe at Ford.<P>The Merc Cougar is Mondeo/Contour based, not to be confused with the new Mondeo which shares a platform with the Jag X-type.
 
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